Root Coverage Procedures
(Gum grafting Procedures)
When recession of the gingiva (gum tissue) occurs, the body loses a natural defense against both bacterial penetration and trauma. When gum recession is a problem, the best thing to do is gum reconstruction using grafting techniques.
Gum recession often results in root sensitivity to hot and cold foods as well as an unsightly appearance to the gum and tooth. Also, gum recession, when significant, can predispose to worsening recession and expose the root surface, which is softer than enamel, leading to root caries and root gouging.
A gingival graft is designed to solve these problems. A thin piece of tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth to provide a stable band of attached gingiva around the tooth. In addition to the patients own tissue, tissue from a donor bank is available. This tissue undergoes rigerous sterilization procedures and is completely safe.
The gingival graft may be placed in such a way as to cover the exposed portion of the root.
This can be done for one tooth or several teeth. The procedure will repair the defect and help to prevent additional recession and bone loss.
A gingival graft procedure is highly predictable. The end result is a healthy band of attached gum tissue which reseals and protects the tooth and underlying bone.
What causes gum recession?
- Aggressive brushing
- Gum Disease
- Gum tissue that is naturally thin
- Previous orthodontic treatments
- Previous tooth loss
What Can I Expect From A Soft Tissue Grafting Procedure?
1) Local anesthetic is applied to the grafting site.
2) Gum tissue is loosened to make room for the graft.
3) Grafting material is placed.
4) The area is sutured (stitches are placed).