Home Care/Brushing/Flossing

Periodontal Disease is similar to other chronic diseases such as diabetes. It requires ongoing care and monitoring to keep it under control.

While brushing the outside surfaces of your teeth, position the brush at a 45-degree angle where your gums and teeth meet. Gently move the brush in a circular motion several times using small, gentle strokes. Use light pressure while putting the bristles between the teeth, but not so much pressure that you feel any discomfort.

When you are done cleaning the outside surfaces of all your teeth, follow the same directions while cleaning the inside of the back teeth.

To clean the inside surfaces of the upper and lower front teeth, hold the brush vertically. Make several gentle back-and-forth strokes over each tooth. Don’t forget to gently brush the surrounding gum tissue.

Next, you will clean the biting surfaces of your teeth. To do this use short, gentle strokes. Change the position of the brush as often as necessary to reach and clean all surfaces. Try to watch yourself in the mirror to make sure you clean each surface. After you are done, rinse vigorously to remove any plaque you might have loosened while brushing.

If you have any pain while brushing or have any questions about how to brush properly, please feel free to call the office.


Proper brushing is one of the most important steps you can take to keep your teeth and gums healthy. Yet, how do you know if you’re getting the most out of brushing?

Brushing removes bacterial plaque and food particles to help keep your teeth and gums healthy. Without daily brushing, bacteria multiply and form plaque – a sticky, colorless substance that covers teeth and gums. Plaque needs to be removed completely at least twice every 24 hours. Otherwise, it can lead to tooth decay (cavities) gum disease (gingivitis and periodontal disease) and possibly the loss of teeth.

Brushing The Inner and Outer Surfaces of Teeth:

  • Hold the toothbrush at a 45° angle with side bristles positioned where your teeth and gums meet.
  • Wiggle the bristles with a short, gentle, back-and-forth motion over one or two teeth.
  • Gently  roll the toothbrush away from your teeth and  proceed to the next couple of teeth, overlapping with the area you’ve already cleaned.

Brushing The Inner Surfaces of Front Teeth

  • Position the toothbrush vertically in your mouth
  • Place the bristles where your teeth and gums meet
  • Gently move the bristles up and down

Brushing The Top (Chewing) Surfaces Of Teeth

  • Hold the toothbrush horizontal along the length of your teeth
  • Gently press and brush using small, short, horizontal strokes


Dental floss is expressly designed to clean where toothbrushes can’t reach. Flossing needs to be done once every 24 hours to remove the plaque before it has a chance to harden. Once it hardens, it can only be removed by dental professional. Here are some quick pointers for effective flossing.

  • Use approximately 18 inches of floss
  • Wind the floss around the middle finger of each hand. Leave about one inch of floss free to clean between teeth.
  • Hold the floss tightly between thumbs and index fingers. These fingers are used to guide the floss between your teeth.
  • Using a gentle sawing motion, insert the floss between your teeth.
  • At the gum line, curve the floss into a “C” shape against the side of your tooth.
  • Use an up and down scraping motion on the sides of each tooth to remove plaque just beneath the gum line and in between teeth. Repeat the same procedure on the tooth next to the one you just cleaned.
  • Advance to a new section of floss as the section in use becomes used or worn.
  • Repeat in the spaces between all of your teeth, top and bottom and behind your back teeth.
  • You may notice bleeding from your gums after your first use, If bleeding persists after a few days of use, consult your dentist.